What is the cornea?
The cornea is the clear tissue covering the front of the eye. It is the main focusing element of the eye. Vision will be dramatically reduced if the cornea becomes cloudy from disease, injury or infection.
What is corneal blindness?
It is a disorder that results from the cornea becoming clouded, causing blindness. This can be caused by disease, injury or infection of the cornea.
What is a corneal transplant?
This is a surgical procedure which replaces the disc-shaped segment of an imparied cornea with a healthy donor cornea.
How prevelant is corneal transplantation?
It is one of the most frequently performed human transplant procedures. Since 1961, more than 700,000 corneal transplants have been performed, restoring sight to men, women and children ranging in age from nine days to 103 years.
How successful is corneal transplantation?
Over 90 perecent of all corneal transplants are successful and restore the recipient's vision.
Is the whole eye transplanted?
No. Only the cornea can be transplanted. The white part - sclera - can be used for glaucoma treatment. The whole eye (or globe) may be used for research or education.
What is an eye bank?
An eye bank are nonprofit organizations that obtain, medically evaluate, process, preserve and distribute eyes/corneas for use in corneal transplantation, research and education.
How is safety of tissue ensured?
The eyes/corneas and medical history of the donor are evaluated by the eye bank in accordance with the Eye Bank Association of America's (EBAA) strict Medical Standards.
Is there a need for eyes/corneas?
There is no substitute for human tissue at this time. The transplantation process depends upon the pricesless gift of corneal donation from one human being to another.